Le CEO d’IBM s’exprime sur l’industrie du smart grid et l’importance désormais à accorder au consommateur.
There are two fundamental hurdles to building a truly smart grid, according to Samuel J. Palmisano, Chairman, President and CEO of IBM. Palmisano delivered the keynote address on the opening day of the GridWise Global Forum in Washington, D.C., and while he was optimistic that a connected electrical grid is on its way, he cautioned that "connectivity alone is not enough." He argued that there must be clarity of the system's purpose to design a smart grid, and that the purpose has also to be realized by consumers, who must become active participants to truly realize the full benefits of an intelligent grid. "We haven't cracked the code on conveying the importance to the individual," he said. "I don't think it will happen through dashboards."
Instead, it will come from the design of the system itself, which will offer analytics that will deliver the data to a range of stakeholders. "It's not how much data there is," he said, "it's what the data can tell us." Everyone is an energy consumer, and so it is not just the individual resident, as many companies focus on, but rather a segmented group of businesses, individuals and households. "Context is important," he added.
To move beyond a fragmented grid, and the current paradigm of the energy system as a whole, Palmisano noted four key areas that need to be addressed for smart grid to be realized.
- Open standards. "We've got to finish the job," he said.
- Smart Systems. The system has to be smart by design, and the design must be integral and not so complicated that it can't be added on to in the future. He also pointed back to open standards as a way to ensure that there is flexibility to adjust to future needs.
- More Collaboration. He called for partnerships beyond just public and private, but rather those that involve all stakeholders for maximum benefit from the grid.
- Policy and Ethics. There needs to be clear guidelines from an ethical point of view, addressing issues of security and privacy that concern all parties from government bodies down to individuals.